How to Write an Argumentative Essay Introduction

An argumentative essay is an essay that makes a claim and supports that claim with evidence from reliable sources. In an argumentative essay, the writer is taking a stance on an issue and then defending that stance with facts, logic, and research. The purpose of an argumentative essay introduction is to introduce the topic and provide some background information before making a claim and supporting it with evidence.

The introduction should begin with an interesting hook that entices the reader to continue reading. The introduction should also provide a brief overview of the main points of the essay and provide some context for the reader. Lastly, the introduction should conclude with a strong thesis statement—the writer’s overall argument or main point.

Enhance your writing skills with this informative piece, which is just one part of our comprehensive guide, “Master the Art of Writing“.

how to write an argumentative essay introduction

Brainstorming Ideas

When writing an argumentative essay introduction, one of the first steps is to brainstorm ideas. It is important to think about what you want to say and make sure that your claims are valid and supported by evidence. You can brainstorm by asking yourself questions about the topic of your essay and researching the answers. This will help you come up with ideas and gain clarity on your points.

You can also do a pre-writing exercise like a mind map or freewriting. Start by writing your main point or argument in the center of a blank piece of paper. Then draw branches outwards and write any related ideas or facts that support your argument. This exercise can give you a better understanding of your topic and help you to organize your thoughts before you start writing the introduction.

Brainstorming for an Effective Argumentative Essay Introduction

Writing a successful argumentative essay introduction can be challenging. To ensure your essay stands out, it is important to brainstorm ideas that are controversial, relevant, and interesting. Here are some tips and techniques to help you get started.

Do Your Research

Before you start writing, do some research on the topic. Come up with several potential angles and topics that you could explore in your essay. Get familiar with the available evidence that exists on the chosen topic so that you can better understand how to construct a convincing argument.

Generate Ideas

Once you have a better understanding of your chosen topic and the evidence related to it, try to generate potential ideas by jotting down different potential angles and approaches to the subject matter. Don’t worry about structure and format at this stage—generate as many different possibilities as you can.

Gather and Analyze Information

Collect all the information you have gathered throughout your research and analyze the data to determine which angle will make the most powerful argument. Compare and contrast different sources of information and decide which ones are the strongest and most persuasive.

Outline Your Argument

Once you’ve decided on the best angle for your argumentative essay, create an outline for your introduction paragraph. This will help you structure your argument and ensure that it is logical, organized, and convincing. Make sure that your argument is aligned with the overall focus of your essay.

Re-evaluate and Refine

Before you begin writing, take the time to revise and refine your argument. Think critically about the points and evidence that you have included in your outline. Revisit your research and question the conclusions that you have drawn, to make sure that the argument that you make is reliable, valid, and supported by sufficient evidence.

Mounting Evidence to Support an Argumentative Essay Introduction

The introduction to an argumentative essay is the first opportunity for a writer to make a case for their chosen point or position. To do this effectively, it’s important to support the argument with evidence. We can rely on facts and figures, opinions from experts and experience, and illustration to build an argument that is compelling enough to convince readers of the point.

When we use evidence to back up our arguments, it strengthens the point being made and makes it more convincing. It is always important to source every piece of evidence used and cite any quotations from experts accurately. This adds credibility to the argument while also showing readers where they can go to learn more and check the facts.

Evidence comes in many forms, including research studies, surveys, personal accounts, data, visualization and expert opinion. An effective argumentative essay should include a range of evidence types, to ensure readers are provided with a well-rounded set of facts, opinions and perspectives. Includes a few different types of evidence to add weight and impact to the essay.

Argumentative essays must be strongly argued and supported by evidence. Make sure to include enough evidence to prove the point being made, and remember to cite any sources used carefully.

Outline Construction

Constructing an effective argumentative essay introduction and outline can seem like a daunting task. But don’t worry, with the right steps and a little guidance, it’s not as difficult as it might seem. Here are the basic steps for writing an effective argumentative essay introduction:
  • Choose a Topic: The first step to writing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic that you feel strongly about and can defend with evidence. You want to make sure you have enough information on the topic to make your argument relevant and convincing.
  • Research: Once you’ve chosen your topic, it’s time to start researching. Look for sources that provide reliable and credible evidence to support your argument. You should also look for potential counterarguments or opposing views on the issue.
  • Formulate a Thesis Statement: Once you have thoroughly researched the topic, you should be able to form a thesis statement. This should be a clear and concise statement that clearly states your position on the topic.
  • Create an Outline: Now that you have all of the necessary information and a clear thesis statement, you can begin to create an outline. This should include an introduction paragraph, body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph, as well as any other necessary parts.
  • Write the Essay: After you have created an outline, it’s time to write your essay. Make sure you follow your outline and stay consistent. Additionally, be sure to proofread and edit your work before submitting it.
By following these steps, you will be able to construct an effective argumentative essay introduction and outline in no time. Good luck!

Addressing Counterarguments in an Argumentative Essay Introduction

When writing an argumentative essay, it is important to address counterarguments in the introduction. A counterargument is a different point of view or argument that opposes your own main argument. A counterargument should be addressed in a persuasive essay to show readers that you have considered more than one side of the argument.

To effectively address counterarguments, you need to consider any potential arguments that oppose your ideas. Research and proofread other sources to gather more information on the counterargument. Think about the reasoning behind the counterargument, and evaluate any evidence used to support the argument.

The best way to deal with a counterargument is by acknowledging it before refuting it. This shows that you are aware of the opposing arguments, and it also gives you a chance to explain why you disagree with them.

When refuting a counterargument, make sure to include evidence and facts to back up your position. Do not rely on invalid information or personal opinions. Discuss why your argument is strong, and provide examples of evidence to support your claim.

Finally, you should use logical reasoning and sound argumentative techniques to emphasize the weaknesses of the counterargument. After refuting the counterargument, you can re-emphasize the importance of your main argument. This will help create a clear and convincing argument for the reader.


Writing an effective argumentative essay introduction is a crucial step in creating an interesting and compelling essay. It is the beginning of your essay that sets the tone and engages your readers. You must include the main points of your essay, mount evidence to support those points and make sure to address any counterarguments. Your conclusion needs to summarize these main points and reiterate the purpose of your introduction: to provide a clear and convincing argument.

Your conclusion should include the following components:

  • Summarize the main points in your introduction
  • Reiterate the purpose and importance of an effective argumentative essay introduction

By taking the time to craft an effective argumentative essay introduction and conclusion, you can be sure that you are engaging your readers and providing a clear and effective argument for them to consider.

Examples of Argumentative Essay Introductions

When you’re creating an argumentative essay, it’s important to have an effective introduction. An introduction should introduce the topic and provide an overview of the main points to be discussed in the essay. It should also capture the reader’s attention and encourage them to read further. To help you get started, here are three example introductions for argumentative essays:

  • Example 1: The use of firearms for hunting and self defense has been a contentious issue for many years. Proponents of gun ownership argue that the Second Amendment guarantees their right to bear arms, while opponents argue that guns are dangerous and should be more heavily regulated. This essay will explore both sides of the argument and ultimately conclude that gun ownership is a necessity in a world with increasing violence.
  • Example 2: Education reform is an important issue in the United States. There are many different perspectives on how best to improve the education system, but most agree that changes should be made in order to better prepare students for the future. This essay will look at both sides of the argument, providing evidence to support the need for reform as well as potential solutions to the problem.
  • Example 3: Animal rights have become a major issue of debate in recent years. Supporters of animal rights believe that all creatures, regardless of species, should be given the same moral consideration, while opponents argue that animals do not possess the same mental capacities as humans and should therefore not be granted the same rights. This essay will examine both sides of the argument, ultimately concluding that animals should be treated with respect and fairness.

As you can see from these examples, an argumentative essay introduction should include a brief overview of the topic, the main points that will be discussed, and the conclusion that will be drawn from the essay. Keep these points in mind when writing your own argumentative essay introduction.


Writing an effective argumentative essay introduction can be a daunting task. It requires a lot of research, practice and most importantly, a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Thankfully, there are a number of resources available online that can help students learn how to write an effective argumentative essay introduction. Below are some helpful resources for further education on writing an effective argumentative essay introduction:
  • The Writing Lab from the Purdue Online Website: This website provides a clear and concise overview of the basics of writing an argumentative essay introduction. It includes tips on finding topic ideas, constructing your thesis statement and structuring your introduction.
  • Udemy Argumentative Writing Course: This online course provides helpful tutorials and exercises for understanding how to write a compelling argumentative essay introduction. It covers topics such as outlining, generating ideas, research techniques and building an argument.
  • Argumentative Essay Introduction ebook: This ebook provides a comprehensive guide to writing an effective argumentative essay introduction. It includes advice on identifying a thesis statement, developing supporting evidence and addressing counterarguments.
  • Argumentative Writing Books: There are a variety of books that provide guidance on writing an argumentative essay introduction. These books include step-by-step instructions for analyzing topics, building an argument and constructing an introduction.
By utilizing these resources, students can gain a better understanding of how to write an effective argumentative essay introduction. Through research, practice and dedication, any student can be successful in writing a powerful and impactful essay introduction.

Writing a Summary

Writing a clear and concise summary of an argumentative essay is an important step in the writing process. Summarizing your essay helps to quickly and efficiently organize and review your main arguments, key evidence, and supporting facts, before structuring them in an effective introduction.

When summarizing your argumentative essay, it’s important to focus on the main components of your paper. Firstly, you should identify the main idea or point you are trying to make in the essay, and then include any evidence or facts that support that argument, as well as refuting any counterarguments. Summarizing also includes briefly introducing any other related topics that may be relevant to the essay.

It’s helpful to remember that a summary should only cover a few sentences, so make sure to keep it brief and concise. A good approach is to provide a short overview of the main points discussed, as well as any key points that might need further explanation in the essay. Additionally, ensure that any counterarguments have been addressed appropriately.

Finally, make sure to read over your summary to ensure there are no mistakes. This is an important step when writing an argumentative essay and should not be overlooked.

Editing and Revision

Editing and revising your work are essential steps in writing an effective argumentative essay introduction. After you have written your first draft, it is important to go back and review your work with a critical eye. Editing involves finding and correcting any errors in grammar, usage, punctuation, or spelling. Additionally, it is important to check your facts and make sure that your sources are valid and reliable. You should also make sure that your structure and flow are correct and that the ideas are connected in a logical way. Revision is a more in-depth process than editing. When you revise, you evaluate the overall content, organization, and argument of the paper. You should ask yourself if your paper meets the requirements of the prompt. Have you provided sufficient evidence to make your point? Is your argument clear and concise? In addition, you should double-check to make sure you haven’t strayed off-topic and that your paper has a purpose. Here are some tips to help you complete the revision and editing process:
  • Read your paper aloud to yourself or another person to help spot errors or areas for improvement.
  • Take a break from your work and come back to it with fresh eyes.
  • Evaluate your points and make sure you have provided sufficient evidence to support them.
  • Enlist the help of a friend or classmate to read through your paper and provide feedback.
  • Check your paper against the prompt to make sure you have answered every part of the question.
It can be difficult to be impartial when editing and revising your own work. However, it is important to approach your paper objectively and make sure that it meets the requirements of the prompt. If you take the time to go back over your paper and make corrections, you can ensure that you produce an effective argumentative essay introduction.

Common Mistakes in Writing an Argumentative Essay Introduction

Writing an argumentative essay requires careful consideration to ensure a successful outcome. A well-written introduction is key to helping readers understand and connect with your argument, so it’s important to be aware of the common mistakes that could limit your success.
  • Not Including Relevant Information: Make sure your introduction includes the necessary information about your topic. This includes an explanation of the issue you are addressing and why it is important, a brief summary of the evidence that supports your position, and any necessary background information related to the issue.
  • Straying From Your Focus: Remember to stay focused on your argument. It’s natural to want to provide background information and make concessions to other positions, but make sure your introduction always returns to your thesis statement.
  • Making Assumptions About Your Audience: It’s important to remember that the audience may have limited knowledge or differing opinions than you. In your introduction, don’t make any assumptions about what your readers already know or believe.
  • Including Weak or Unsupported Claims: Your argument will only be as strong as your evidence. Make sure that your introduction only includes claims that you can effectively back up with evidence.
  • Failing to Make a Connection: Your introduction should include a strong hook to draw the reader in and make them interested in your argument. Avoid clichés and make sure your hook is relevant to the rest of your introduction.
By avoiding these common mistakes in your argumentative essay introduction, you can ensure that your argument is clear, easy to follow, and persuasive.

Help with Writing an Effective Argumentative Essay Introduction

If you need help writing an argumentative essay introduction, there are some great resources available to you. The internet is filled with tutorials and guides that can help you write an effective introduction to your essay.

The most important thing is to understand what an argumentative essay is, what elements it should include, and how to properly structure your thoughts. To start, take the time to read through several sample essays to get a better idea of how an argumentative essay should look.

It can also be beneficial to discuss your ideas with a tutor or teacher. They have experience in writing essays and can provide valuable advice to help you craft your essay. Additionally, they can provide feedback on your essay to ensure that it is well-written and persuasive.

There are also tons of online writing communities that can provide helpful tips and advice. You can ask questions and get answers from other students who have written argumentative essays before. Finally, there are books and articles available that provide tips on creating a powerful argumentative essay introduction. These resources will provide you with a wealth of helpful information to ensure your essay is well-crafted and effective.

Remember, if you need help with writing an argumentative essay introduction, there are many great resources available to you. Take the time to read through samples and ask for help if needed. With practice, you can learn to write an effective and convincing introduction to your argumentative essay.

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky is a devoted educator, marketing specialist, and management expert with more than 15 years of experience in the education sector. After obtaining his business degree in 2016, Nick embarked on a quest to achieve his PhD, driven by his commitment to enhancing education for students worldwide. His vast experience, starting in 2008, has established him as a reputable authority in the field.

Nick's article, featured in Routledge's "Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern Europe: Development through Internationalization," highlights his sharp insights and unwavering dedication to advancing the educational landscape. Inspired by his personal motto, "Make education better," Nick's mission is to streamline students' lives and foster efficient learning. His inventive ideas and leadership have contributed to the transformation of numerous educational experiences, distinguishing him as a true innovator in his field.

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